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Referred Journal Publications



  1. Xin, F., Xiao, X., Zhao, B., Miyata, A., Baldocchi, D., Knox, S., Kang, M., Shim, K., Min, S., Chen, B., Li, X., Wang, J., Dong, J., and Biradar, C., 2017, Modeling gross primary production of paddy rice cropland through analyses of data from CO2 eddy flux tower sites and MODIS images , Remote Sensing of Environment, 190:42-55, [pdf]
  2. Yan, H., Liu, F., Liu, J., Xiao, X., and Qin, Y., 2017, Status of land use intensity in China and its impacts on land carrying capacity , Journal of Geographical Sciences, 27(4):387-402, [pdf]
  3. Wang J., Xiao X., Qin Y., Dong J., Geissler G., Zhang G., Cejda N., Alikhani B., Doughty R., 2017, Mapping the dynamics of eastern redcedar encroachment into grasslands during 1984–2010 through PALSAR and time series Landsat images , Remote Sensing of Environment, 190:233-246, [pdf]
  4. Wagle, P., Xiao, X., Gowda, P., Basara, J., Brunsell, N., Steiner, J. and Anup, K.C, 2017, Analysis and estimation of tallgrass prairie evapotranspiration in the central United States , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 232: 35–47, [pdf]
  5. Flanagan, P.X., Basara, J.B. and Xiao, X., 2017, Long-term analysis of the asynchronicity between temperature and precipitation maxima in the United States Great Plains , International Journal of Climatology, [pdf]
  6. Zhao, G., Dong, J., Liu, J., Zhai, J., Cui, Y., He, T., and Xiao, X., , 2017, Different patterns in daytime and nighttime thermal effects of urbanization in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration , Remote Sensing, 9(2) [pdf]
  7. Zhang, G., Xiao, X., Biradar, C., Dong, J., Qin, Y., Menarguez, M., Zhou, Y., Zhang, Y., Jin, C., Wang, J., Doughty, R., Ding, M., Moore, B., 2017, Spatiotemporal patterns of paddy rice croplands in China and India from 2000 to 2015 , Science of the Total Environment, 579:82-92, [pdf]
  8. Artois, J., Lai, S., Feng, L., Jiang, H., Zhou, H., Li, X., Dhingra, M.S., Linard, C., Nicolas, G., Xiao, X., Robinson, T.P., Yu, H., and Gilbert, M., , 2017, H7N9 and H5N1 avian influenza suitability models for China: Accounting for new poultry and live-poultry markets distribution data , Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 31(2):393–402, [pdf]
  9. Zhou, S., Zhang, Y., Ciais, P., Xiao, X., Luo, Y., Caylor, K.K., Huang, Y., & Wang, G. , 2017, Dominant role of plant physiology in trend and variability of gross primary productivity in North America , Scientific Reports, 7:41366, [pdf]
  10. Xu, G., Zhu, X., Fu D., Dong J., and Xiao X., , 2017, Automatic land cover classification of geo-tagged field photos by deep learning , Environmental Modelling & Software, 91:127-134,
  11. Ma J., Xiao X., Qin Y., Chen B., Hu Y., Li X., and Zhao B., 2017, Estimating aboveground biomass of broadleaf, needleleaf, and mixed forests in Northeastern China through analysis of 25-m ALOS/PALSAR mosaic data , Forest Ecology and Management, 389:199-210, [pdf]
  12. Zhou Y., Dong J., Xiao X., Xiao T., Yang Z., Zhao G., Zou Z., and Qin Y., 2017, Open Surface Water Mapping Algorithms: A Comparison of Water-Related Spectral Indices and Sensors , water, 9(256):1-16, [pdf]
  13. Jun Ma, Xiangming Xiao, Rencang Bu, Russell Doughty, Yuanman Hu, Bangqian Chen, Xiangping Li, Bin Zhao , 2017, Application of the space-for-time substitution method in validating long-term biomass predictions of a forest landscape model , Elsevier, 94:127-139, [pdf]
  14. Qin, Y., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Chen, B., Liu, F., Zhang, G., Zhang, Y., Wang, J., and Wu, X., 2017, Quantifying annual changes in built-up area in complex urban-rural landscapes from analyses of PALSAR and Landsat images , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 124:89-105, [pdf]
  15. Zhou, Y., Xiao, X., Wagle, P., Bajgain, R., Mahan, H., Basara, J., Dong, J., Qin, Y., Zhang, G., Luo, Y., Gowda, P., Neel, J., Starks, P., Steiner, J., 2017, Examining the short-term impacts of diverse management practices on plant phenology and carbon fluxes of Old World bluestems pasture , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 237-238:60-70, [pdf]
  16. Yang Z., Dong J, Liu J., Zhai J., Kuang W.,Zhao G., Shen W., Zhou Y., Qin Y., and Xiao X., 2017, Accuracy Assessment and Inter-Comparison of Eight Medium Resolution Forest Products on the Loess Plateau, China , International Journal of Geo-Information, 6:1-15, [pdf]
  17. Li Y., Xiao X., Li X., Ma J., Chen B., Qin Y., Dong J., Zhao B., 2017, Multi-scale assessments of forest fragmentation in China , Biodiversity Science, 25(4):372-381, [pdf]
  18. Zhou Y., Xiao X., Zhang G., Wagle P., Bajgain R., Dong J., Jin C., Basara J., Anderson M., Hain C., Otkin J., 2017, Quantifying agricultural drought in tallgrass prairie region in the U.S. Southern Great Plains through analysis of a water-related vegetation index from MODIS images , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 246:111-122, [pdf]
  19. Zou, Z., Dong, J., Menarguez, M.A., Xiao, X., Qin, Y., Doughty, R.B., Hooker, K.V. and David, H.K., 2017, Continued decrease of open surface water body area in Oklahoma during 1984–2015 , Science of The Total Environment, 595:451–460, [pdf]


  1. Zhou, Y., Xiao, X., Qin, Y., Dong, J., Zhang, G., Kou, W., Jin, C, Wang, J., Li, X., , 2016, Mapping paddy rice planting area in rice-wetland coexistent areas through analysis of Landsat 8 OLI and MODIS images , International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 46:1-12, [pdf]
  2. Prosser, D.J., Hungerford, L.L., Erwin, R.M., Ottinger, M.A., Takekawa, J.Y., Newman, S.H., Xiao, X. and Ellis, E.C., 2016, Spatial Modeling of Wild Bird Risk Factors for Highly Pathogenic A(H5N1) Avian Influenza Virus Transmission , Avian Diseases, 60:329-336, [pdf]
  3. Kuang, W., Liu, J., Dong, J., Chi, W., Zhang, C., 2016, The rapid and massive urban and industrial land expansions in China between 1990 and 2010: A CLUD-based analysis of their trajectories, patterns, and drivers , Landscape and Urban Planning, 145:21-33, [pdf]
  4. Qin, Y., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Zhang, G., Roy, P.S., Joshi, P.K., Gilani, H., Murthy, M.S.R., Jin, C., Wang, J., Zhang, Y., Chen, B., Menarguez, M.A., Biradar, C.M., Bajgain, R., Li, X., Dai, S., Hou, Y., Xin, F., & Moore, B., 2016, Mapping forests in monsoon Asia with ALOS PALSAR 50-m mosaic images and MODIS imagery in 2010 , Scientific Reports, 6(20880):1 - 10, [pdf]
  5. Zhang, Y., Peng, C., Li, W., Tian, L., Zhu, Q., Chen, H., Fang, X., Zhang, G., Liu, G., Mu, X., Li, Z., Li, S., Yang, Y., Wang, J., Xiao, X., 2016, Multiple afforestation programs accelerate the greenness in the ‘Three North’ region of China from 1982 to 2013 , Ecological Indicators, 61:404-412, [pdf]
  6. Li, P., Jiang, L., Feng, Z., Sheldon, S. and Xiao, X., 2016, Mapping rice cropping systems using landsat-derived renormalized index of normalized difference vegetation index (RNDVI) in the Poyang Lake Region, China , 10, Feb. 20, 2016 , Frontiers of Earth Science, 2:303-314, [pdf]
  7. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Menarguez, M., Zhang, G., Qin, Y., Thau, D., Biradar, C., Moore, B., 2016, Mapping paddy rice planting area in northeastern Asia with Landsat 8 images, phenology-based algorithm and Google Earth Engine , Remote Sensing of Environment, 185:142-154, [pdf]
  8. Wagle, P., Gowda, P., Xiao, X., KC, A., 2016, Parameterizing ecosystem light use efficiency and water useefficiency to estimate maize gross primary production andevapotranspiration using MODIS EVI , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 222:87-97, [pdf]
  9. Zhang, Y., Xiao, X., Zhou, S., Ciais, P., McCarthy, H., & Luo, Y. , 2016, Canopy and physiological controls of GPP during drought and heat wave , Geophysical Research Letters, 43(7):3325-3333, [pdf]
  10. Chen, B., Li, X., Xiao, X., Zhao, B., Dong, J., Kou, W., Qin, Y., Yang, C., Wu, Z., Sun, R., Lan, G., Xie, G., 2016, Mapping tropical forests and deciduous rubber plantations in HainanIsland, China by integrating PALSAR 25-m and multi-temporalLandsat images , International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 50:117-130, [pdf]
  11. Chen, Y., Dong, J., Xiao, X., Zhang, M., Tian, B., Zhou, Y., Li, B., Ma, Z., 2016, Land claim and loss of tidal flats in the Yangtze Estuary , Scientific reports, 6:24018, [pdf]
  12. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Zhang, G., Menarguez, M.A., Choi, C.Y., Qin, Y., Luo, P., Zhang, Y., & Moore, B. , 2016, Northward expansion of paddy rice in northeastern Asia during 2000-2014 , Geophysical Research Letters, 43:3754-3761, [pdf]
  13. Zhang, R., Ouyang, Z.T., Xie, X., Guo, H.Q., Tan, D.Y., Xiao, X.M., Qi, J.G. and Zhao, B. , 2016, Impact of Climate Change on Vegetation Growth in Arid Northwest of China from 1982 to 2011 , Remote Sensing, 8(5):364, [pdf]
  14. Kang, X., Hao, Y., Cui, X., Chen, H., Huang, S., Du, Y., Li, W., Kardol, P., Xiao, X. and Cui, L., 2016, Variability and Changes in Climate, Phenology, and Gross Primary Production of an Alpine Wetland Ecosystem , Remote Sensing, 8(5):391, [pdf]
  15. Wagle, P., Xiao, X., Kolb, T.E., Law, B.E., Wharton, S., Monson, R.K., Chen, J., Blanken, P.D., Novick, K.A., Dore, S. and Noormets, A., 2016, Differential responses of carbon and water vapor fluxes to climate among evergreen needleleaf forests in the USA , Ecological Processes, 5(1):8, [pdf]
  16. Zhang, Y., Xiao, X., Jin, C., Dong, J., Zhou, S., Wagle, P., Joiner, J., Guanter, L., Zhang, Y., Zhang, G., Qin, Y., Wang, J., & Moore, B.I. , 2016, Consistency between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and gross primary production of vegetation in North America. , Remote Sensing of Environment, 183: 154-169, [pdf]
  17. Wagle, P., Zhang, Y., Jin, C. and Xiao, X., 2016, Comparison of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, light-use efficiency, and process-based GPP models in maize , Ecological Applications, 26(4): 1211–1222, [pdf]
  18. Dong, J., Xiao, X., 2016, Evolution of regional to global paddy rice mapping methods: A review , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 119:214-227, [pdf]
  19. Choi, C.Y., Takekawa, J.Y., Xiong, Y., Ying, L.I.U., Wikelski, M., Heine, G., Prosser, D.J., Newman, S.H., Edwards, J., Guo, F. and Xiao, X., 2016, Tracking domestic ducks: A novel approach for documenting poultry market chains in the context of avian influenza transmission , Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 15(7): 1584–1594, [pdf]
  20. Zhou, S., Zhang, Y., Caylor, K.K., Luo, Y., Xiao, X., Ciais, P., Huang, Y., & Wang, G., 2016, Explaining inter-annual variability of gross primary productivity from plant phenology and physiology. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 226–227:246–256, [pdf]
  21. Wang J., Xiao X., Wagle P., Ma S., Baldocchi D., Carrara A., Zhang Yao., Dong J., Qin Y., 2016, Canopy and climate controls of gross primary production ofMediterranean-type deciduous and evergreen oak savannas , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 226:132-147, [pdf]
  22. Liu F., Yan H., Liu J., Xiao X., Qin Y., 2016, Spatial pattern of land use intensity in China in 2000 , ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 71(7):1130-1143, [pdf]
  23. Bajgain, R., Xiao, X., Basara, J., Wagle, P., Zhou, Y., Zhang, Y. and Mahan, H., 2016, Assessing agricultural drought in summer over Oklahoma Mesonet sites using the water-related vegetation index from MODIS , International Journal of Biometeorology, 61(2):377–390, [pdf]
  24. Liu F., Zhang H., Qin Y., Dong J., Xu E., Yang Y., Zhang G., Xiao X., 2016, Semi-natural areas of Tarim Basin in northwest China: Linkage to desertification , Science of the Total Environment, 573:178-188, [pdf]
  25. Lycett, S.J., Bodewes, R., Pohlmann, A., Banks, J., Bányai, K., Boni, M.F., Bouwstra, R. and Lu, L., 2016, Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8 , Science, 354(6309):213-217, [pdf]
  26. Ding, M., Chen, Q., Xiao, X., Xin, L., Zhang, G. and Li, L., 2016, Variation in Cropping Intensity in Northern China from 1982 to 2012 Based on GIMMS-NDVI Data , Sustainability, 8(11):1123, [pdf]
  27. Choi, C.Y., Lee, K.S., Poyarkov, N.D., Park, J.Y., Lee, H., Takekawa, J.Y., Smith, L.M., Ely, C.R., Wang, X., Cao, L. and Fox, A.D., 2016, Low Survival Rates of Swan Geese (Anser cygnoides) Estimated from Neck-Collar Resighting and Telemetry , Waterbirds, 39(3):277-286, [pdf]
  28. Qin Y., Xiao X., Wang J., Dong J., Ewing K., Hoagland B., Hough D., Fagin T., Zou Z., Geissler G., Xian G., and Loveland T., 2016, Mapping Annual Forest Cover in Sub-Humid and Semi-Arid Regions through Analysis of Landsat and PALSAR Imagery , Remote Sensing, 8(11):933, [pdf]
  29. Choi C.Y., Takekawa J., Prosser D., Smith L., Ely C., Fox A., Cao L., Wang X., Batbayar N., Natsagdorj T., and Xiao X., 2016, Chewing Lice of Swan Geese (Anser cygnoides): New Host-Parasite Associations , Korean J Parasitol, 54(5):685-691, [pdf]
  30. Dhingra, M.S., Artois, J., Robinson, T.P., Linard, C., Chaiban, C., Xenarios, I., Engler, R., Liechti, R., Kuznetsov, D., Xiao, X. and Von Dobschuetz, S. , 2016, Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade viruses with spatial crossvalidation , eLife, 5:e19571, [pdf]
  31. Zhang, Y., Xiao, X., Guanter, L., Zhou, S., Ciais, P., Joiner, J., Sitch, S., Wu, X., Nabel, J.E.M.S., Dong, J., Kato, E., Jain, A., Wiltshire, A., & Stocker, B.D. , 2016, Precipitation and carbon-water coupling jointly control the interannual variability of global land gross primary production , Scientific Reports, 6:39748, [pdf]


  1. Huaiyu Tian, Sen Zhou, Lu Dong, Thomas P. Van Boeckel, Yujun Cui, Scott H. Newman, John Y. Takekawa, Diann J. Prosser, Xiangming Xiao, Yarong Wu, Bernard Cazelles, Shanqian Huang, Ruifu Yang, Bryan T. Grenfell, and Bing Xu, 2015, Avian influenza H5N1 viral and bird migration networks in Asia , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(1):172-177, [pdf]
  2. Kou, W., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Gan, S., Zhai, D., Zhang, G., Qin, Y., Li, L., 2015, Mapping Deciduous Rubber Plantation Areas and Stand Ages with PALSAR and Landsat Images , Remote Sensing, 7:1048-1073, [pdf]
  3. Li, L., Dong, J., Njeudeng Tenku, S., Xiao, X., 2015, Mapping Oil Palm Plantations in Cameroon Using PALSAR 50-m Orthorectified Mosaic Images , Remote Sensing, 7:1206-1224, [pdf]
  4. Bishop, C. M., Spivey, R. J., Hawkes, L. A., Batbayar, N., Chua, B., Frappell, P. B., ... & Butler, P. J. , 2015, The roller coaster flight strategy of bar-headed geese conserves energy during Himalayan migrations , Science, 347(6219):250-254, [pdf]
  5. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Kou, W., Qin, Y., Zhang, G., Li, L., Jin, C., Zhou, Y., Wang, J., Biradar, C., Liu, J., Moore Iii, B., 2015, Tracking the dynamics of paddy rice planting area in 1986–2010 through time series Landsat images and phenology-based algorithms , Remote Sensing of Environment, 160:99-113, [pdf]
  6. Wagle, P., Xiao, X., Suyker, A. E., 2015, Estimation and Analysis of Gross Primary Production of Soybean under Various Management Practices and Drought Conditions , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 99:70-83, [pdf]
  7. Eric C Palm, Scott H Newman, Diann J Prosser, Xiangming Xiao, Luo Ze, Nyambayar Batbayar, Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran and John Y Takekawa, 2015, Mapping migratory flyways in Asia using dynamic Brownian bridge movement models , Movement Ecology, 3(1):3, [pdf]
  8. Chen, B., Wu, Z., Wang, J., Dong, J., Guan, L., Chen, J., Yang, K., & Xie, G., 2015, Spatio-temporal prediction of leaf area index of rubber plantation using HJ-1A/1B CCD images and recurrent neural network , Isprs Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 102:148-160, [pdf]
  9. Xia, J., Niu, S., Ciais, P., Janssens, I.A., Chen, J., Ammann, C., Arain, A., Blanken, P.D., Cescatti, A., Bonal, D., Buchmann, N., Curtis, P.S., Chen, S., Dong, J., Flanagan, L.B., Frankenberg, C., Georgiadis, T., Gough, C.M., Hui, D., Kiely, G., Li, J., Lund, M., Magliulo, V., Marcolla, B., Merbold, L., Montagnani, L., Moors, E.J., Olesen, J.E., Piao, S., Raschi, A., Roupsard, O., Suyker, A.E., Urbaniak, M., Vaccari, F.P., Varlagin, A., Vesala, T., Wilkinson, M., Weng, E., Wohlfahrt, G., Yan, L., Luo, Y., 2015, Joint control of terrestrial gross primary productivity by plant phenology and physiology , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112:2788-2793., [pdf]
  10. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Wagle, P., Zhang, G., Zhou, Y., Jin, C., Torn, M., Meyers, T., Suyker, A., Wang, J., Yan, H., Biradar, C., Moore, B., 2015, Comparison of four EVI-based models for estimating gross primary production of maize and soybean croplands and tallgrass prairie under severe drought , Remote Sensing of Environment, 162:154-168, [pdf]
  11. Zhai, J., Liu, R., Liu, J., Huang, L., Qin, Y., 2015, Human-Induced Landcover Changes Drive a Diminution of Land Surface Albedo in the Loess Plateau (China) , Remote Sensing, 7:2926-2941, [pdf]
  12. Thanapongtharm, W., Linard, C., Wiriyarat, W., Chinsorn, P., Kanchanasaka, B., Xiao, X., Biradar, C., Wallace, R. G., Gilbert, M., 2015, Spatial characterization of colonies of the flying fox bat, a carrier of Nipah Virus in Thailand , BMC Veterinary Research, 11(81) [pdf]
  13. ELI S. BRIDGE, JEFFREY F. KELLY, XIANGMING XIAO, NYAMBAYAR BATBAYAR, TSEVEENMYADAG NATSAGDORJ, NICHOLA J. HILL, JOHN Y. TAKEKAWA, LUCY A. HAWKES, CHARLES M. BISHOP, PATRICK J. BUTLER AND SCOTT H. NEWMAN , 2015, Stable Isotopes Suggest Low Site Fidelity in Bar-headed Geese (Anser indicus) in Mongolia: Implications for Disease Transmission , Waterbirds, 38(2):123-220, [pdf]
  14. Qin, Y., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Zhou, Y., Zhu, Z., Zhang, G., Du, G., Jin, C., Kou, W., Wang, J., Li, X., 2015, Mapping paddy rice planting area in cold temperate climate region through analysis of time series Landsat 8 (OLI), Landsat 7 (ETM+) and MODIS imagery , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 105:220–233, [pdf]
  15. Wang, J., Xiao, X., Qin, Y., Dong, J., Zhang, G., Kou, W., Jin, C., Zhou, Y., Zhang, Y., 2015, Mapping paddy rice planting area in wheat-rice double-cropped areas through integration of Landsat-8 OLI, MODIS, and PALSAR images , Scientific Reports, 5:1-11, [pdf]
  16. Wagle, P., Kakani, V.G., Huhnke, R.L., 2015, Net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange of dedicated bioenergy feedstocks: Switchgrass and high biomass sorghum , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 207:107-116, [pdf]
  17. Zhang, G., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Kou, W., Jin, C., Qin, Y., Zhou, Y., Wang, J., Menarguez, M., Biradar, C. , 2015, Mapping paddy rice planting areas through time series analysis of MODIS land surface temperature and vegetation index data , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 106:157-171, [pdf]
  18. Prosser, Diann J., Eric C. Palm, John Y. Takekawa, Delong Zhao, Xiangming Xiao, Peng Li, Ying Liu, and Scott H. Newman., 2015, Movement analysis of free-grazing domestic ducks in Poyang Lake, China: a disease connection. , International Journal of Geographical Information Science, [pdf]
  19. Rajen Bajgain, Xiangming Xiao, Pradeep Wagle, Jeffrey Basara, Yuting Zhou , 2015, Sensitivity analysis of vegetation indices to drought over two tallgrass prairie sites , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 108:151-160, [pdf]
  20. Anthony Nguy-Robertson, Andrew Suyker, Xiangming Xiao, 2015, Modeling gross primary production of maize and soybean croplandsusing light quality, temperature, water stress, and phenology , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 213:160-172, [pdf]
  21. Jin, C., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Qin, Y., & Wang, Z. , 2015, Mapping paddy rice distribution using multi-temporal Landsat imagery in the Sanjiang Plain, northeast China , Frontiers of Earth Science, [pdf]
  22. Jin, C., Xiao, X., Wagle, P., et al, 2015, Effects of in-situ and reanalysis climate data on estimation of cropland gross primary production using the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 213:240-250, [pdf]
  23. Wagle, P., Xiao, X., Scott, R. L., Kolb, T. E., Cook, D. R., Brunsell, N., Baldocchi, D. D., Basara, J., Matamala, R., Zhou, Y., Bajgain, R., 2015, Biophysical controls on carbon and water vapor fluxes across agrassland climatic gradient in the United States , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 214: 293-305, [pdf]
  24. Qin, Y., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Zhang, G., Shimada, M., Liu, J., Li, C., Kou, W., Moore III, B., 2015, Forest cover maps of China in 2010 from multiple approaches and data sources: PALSAR, Landsat, MODIS, FRA, and NFI , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 109:1-16, [pdf]
  25. Wang, Yuwei, Ze Luo, John Takekawa, Diann Prosser, Yan Xiong, Scott Newman, Xiangming Xiao, Nyambayar Batbayar, Kyle Spragens, Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran and Baoping Yan, 2015, A new method for discovering behavior patterns among animal movements , International Journal of Geographical Information Science, [pdf]
  26. Simon Njeudeng Tenku, Xiangming Xiao, Jinwei Dong, 2015, Depicting forest cover in Grand South of Cameroon: An analysis based on L-band PALSAR 50-m orthorectified imagery , African Journal of Wood Science and Forestry, 3:198-210, [pdf]
  27. Jonna A. K. Mazet, Qin Wei, Guoping Zhao, Derek A. T. Cummings, James Stephen Desmond, Joshua Rosenthal, Charles H. King, Wuchun Cao, Aleksei A. Chmura, Emily A. Hagan, Shuyi Zhang, Xiangming Xiao, Jianguo Xu, Zhengli Shi, Feng Feng, Xiuping Liu, Weiqing Pan, Guangjian Zhu, Liyao Zuo, and Peter Daszak, 2015, Joint China-US Call for Employing a Transdisciplinary Approach to Emerging Infectious Diseases , EcoHealth, [pdf]
  28. Qin, Y.; Dong, J.; Xiao, X., 2015, Difference and uncertainty of forest coverage estimation in China , Biodiversity Science, 23(6):830 - 834, [pdf]


  1. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Sheldon, S., Biradar, C., Zhang, G., Duong, N., Hazarika, M., Wikantika, K., Takeuhci, W., and Moore, B., 2014, A 50-m Forest Cover Map in Southeast Asia from ALOS/ PALSAR and Its Application on Forest Fragmentation Assessment , PLOS ONE, 9(1):e85801, [pdf]
  2. Wang, J., Dong, J., Liu, J., Huang, M., Li, G., Running, S., Smith, W., Harris, W., Saigusa, N., Kondo, H., Liu, Y., Hirano, T., Gamo, M., Xiao, X., 2014, Comparison of Gross Primary Productivity derived from GIMMS NDVI3g, GIMMS, and MODIS in Southeast Asia , Remote Sensing, 6:2108-2133, [pdf]
  3. Liu J., Kuang W., Zhang Z., Xu X., Qin Y., Ning J, Zhou W., Zhang S., Li R., Yan C., Wu S., Shi X., Jiang N, Yu D., Pan X., and Chi W., 2014, Spatiotemporal characteristics, patterns, and causes of land-use changes in China since the late 1980s , Journal of Geographical Sciences, 24(2):195-210, [pdf]
  4. Kang, X., Wang, Y., Chen, H., Tian, J., Cui, X., Rui, Y., ... & Xiao, X. (2014), 2014, Modeling Carbon Fluxes Using Multi-Temporal MODIS Imagery and CO2 Eddy Flux Tower Data in Zoige Alpine Wetland, South-West China , Wetlands, 34(3):603-618, [pdf]
  5. Shi, W., Tao, F., Liu, J., Xu, X., Kuang, W., Dong., J., Shi, X. 2014. , 2014, Has climate change driv en spatio-temporal changes of cropland in northern China since the 1970s? , Climatic Change, 123 [pdf]
  6. Bridge, E. S., Kelly, J. F., Xiao, X., Takekawa, J. Y., Hill, N. J., Yamage, M., ... & Newman, S. H., 2014, Bird migration and avian influenza: A comparison of hydrogen stable isotopes and satellite tracking methods. Ecological Indicators , Ecological Indicators, 45:266-273, [pdf]
  7. Cappelle, J., Zhao, D., Gilbert, M., Nelson, M. I., Newman, S. H., Takekawa, J. Y., ... & Xiao, X., 2014, Risks of Avian Influenza Transmission in Areas of Intensive Free-Ranging Duck Production with Wild Waterfowl , EcoHealth, [pdf]
  8. Shi, J., Gao, L., Zhu, Y., Chen, T., Liu, Y., Dong, L., ... & Shu, Y. (2014), 2014, Investigation of Avian Influenza Infections in Wild Birds, Poultry and Humans in Eastern Dongting Lake, China. , PloS one, 9(4):e95685, [pdf]
  9. He, H., Liu, M., Xiao, X., Ren, X., Zhang, L., Sun, X., ... & Yu, G., 2014, Large‐scale estimation and uncertainty analysis of gross primary production in Tibetan alpine grasslands , Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 119(3):466-486, [pdf]
  10. Pradeep Wagle, Xiangming Xiao, Margaret S. Torn, David R. Cook, Roser Matamala, Marc L. Fischer, Cui Jin, Jinwei Dong, Chandrashekhar Biradar, 2014, Sensitivity of vegetation indices and gross primary production of tallgrass prairie to severe drought , Remote Sensing of Environment, 152:1-14, [pdf]
  11. Zhang, Q., Cheng, Y. B., Lyapustin, A. I., Wang, Y., Xiao, X., Suyker, A., ... & Middleton, E. M., 2014, Estimation of crop gross primary production (GPP): I. impact of MODIS observation footprint and impact of vegetation BRDF characteristics. , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151:51-63, [pdf]
  12. Marius Gilbert, Nick Golding, Hang Zhou, G. R. William Wint, Timothy P. Robinson, Andrew J. Tatem, Shengjie Lai, Sheng Zhou, Hui Jiang, Danhuai Guo, Zhi Huang, Jane P. Messina, Xiangming Xiao, Catherine Linard, Thomas P. Van Boeckel, Vincent Martin, Samir Bhatt, Peter W. Gething, Jeremy J. Farrar, Simon I. Hay & Hongjie Yu, 2014, Predicting the risk of avian influenza A H7N9 infection in live-poultry markets across Asia , NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, [pdf]
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  14. Steiner, J. L., Engle, D. M., Xiao, X., Saleh, A., Tomlinson, P., Rice, C. W., ... & Devlin, D. , 2014, Knowledge and tools to enhance resilience of beef grazing systems for sustainable animal protein production , Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1328(1):10-17, [pdf]


  1. Ranjeet J., Chen J., Noormets, A., Xiao, X., Xu, J., Lu, N., Chen S., 2013, Modelling gross primary production in semi-arid Inner Mongolia using MODIS imagery and eddy covariance data , International Journal of Remote Sensing , 34(8):2829-2857, [pdf]
  2. Dong J., Liu J., Zhang G., Basara J., Greene S., and Xiao X., 2013, Climate change affecting temperature and aridity zones: a case study in Eastern Inner Mongolia, China from 1960–2008 , Theor Appl Climatol, 113:561-572, [pdf]
  3. Zhang, G., Dong, J., Zhou, C., Xu, X., Wang, M., Ouyang, H., Xiao, X., 2013, Increasing cropping intensity in response to climate warming in Tibetan Plateau, China , Field Crops Research, 142:36-46, [pdf]
  4. Zhang, G., Zhang, Y., Dong, J., and Xiao, X., 2013, Green-up dates in the Tibetan Plateau have continuously advanced from 1982 to 2011 , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(11):4309–4314, [pdf]
  5. KesslerA. E.,Batbayar N., Natsagdorj T. , Batsuur D. , and SmithA A. T. , 2013, Satellite telemetry reveals long-distance migration in the Asian great bustard Otis tarda dybowskii , Journal of Avian Biology, 44:EV-1 - EV-10, [pdf]
  6. Fuller T., Gilbert M, Martin V., Cappelle J., Hosseini P., Njabo K.Y., Aziz S.A., Xiao X.M., Daszak P., and Smith T.B., 2013, Predicting Hotspots for Influenza Virus Reassortment , Emerging Infectious Diseases , 19(4):581-588, [pdf]
  7. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Chen, B., Torbick, N., Jin, C., Zhang, G., Biradar, C., 2013, Mapping deciduous rubber plantations through integration of PALSAR and multi-temporal Landsat imagery , Remote Sensing of Environment, 134:392-402, [pdf]
  8. Jin, C., Xiao, X.M., Merbold, L., Arneth, A., Veenendaal, E., Kutsch, W., 2013, Phenology and gross primary production of two dominant savanna woodland ecosystems in Southern Africa , Remote Sensing of Environment, 135:189-201, [pdf]
  9. Zhang, G., Dong, J., Zhang, Y. and Xiao, X., 2013, Reply to Shen et al.: No evidence to show nongrowing season NDVI affects spring phenology trend in the Tibetan Plateau over the last decade , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, [pdf]
  10. Qin, Y., Yan, H., Liu, J., Dong, J., Chen, J., and Xiao, X., 2013, Impacts of ecological restoration projects on agricultural productivity in China , Journal of Geographical Sciences, 23(3):404-416, [pdf]
  11. Dong, J., Zhang, G., Zhang, Y. and Xiao, X., 2013, Reply to Wang et al.: Snow cover and air temperature affect the rate of changes in spring phenology in the Tibetan Plateau , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, [pdf]
  12. Yan H., Xiao X., Huang H., Liu J, Chen J., Bai X., 2013, Multiple Cropping Intensity in China Derived from Agro-meteorological Observations and MODIS Data , Chinese Geographical Science, [pdf]
  13. Zhang, L and Guo, ZW and Bridge, ES and Li, YM and Xiao, XM and others, 2013, Distribution and dynamics of risk factors associated with highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 [pdf]
  14. Thanapongtharm, Weerapong and Van Boeckel, Thomas P and Biradar, Chandrashekhar and Xiao, Xiangming and Gilbert, Marius, 2013, Rivers and flooded areas identified by medium-resolution remote sensing improve risk prediction of the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in Thailan , Geospatial Health, 1(8):193-201, [pdf]
  15. Parviez Rana Hosseini, Trevon Fuller, Ryan Harrigan, Delong Zhao, Carmen Sofia Arriola, Armandoe Gonzalez, Matthew Joshua Miller, Xiangming Xiao, Tom B. Smith, Jamie Holland Jones, Peter Daszak, 2013, Metapopulation Dynamics Enable Persistence of Influenza A, Including A/H5N1, in Poultry , PLoS ONE, 8(12) [pdf]


  1. Zhang, G., Dong, J., Xiao, X., Hu, Z., Sheldon, S., 2012, Effectiveness of ecological restoration projects in Horqin Sandy Land, China based on SPOT-VGT NDVI data , Ecological Engineering, 38(1):20-29, [pdf]
  2. Newman, S., Hill, N., Spragens, K., Janies, D., Voronkin, I., Prosser, D., Yan, B., Lei, F., Batbayar, N., Natsagdorj, T., Bishop, C., Butler, P., Wikelski, M., Balachandran, S., Mundkur, T., Douglas, D., Takekawa, J., 2012, Eco-Virological Approach for Assessing the Role of Wild Birds in the Spread of Avian Influenza H5N1 along the Central Asian Flyway , PLoS One, 7(2):e30636, [pdf]
  3. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Sheldon, S., Biradar, C., and Xie, G., 2012, Mapping tropical forests and rubber plantations in complex landscapes by integrating PALSAR and MODIS imagery , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 74:20-33, [pdf]
  4. Sheldon, S., Xiao, X., and Biradar, C. , 2012, Mapping evergreen forests in the Brazilian Amazon using MODIS and PALSAR 500-m mosaic imagery , ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 74 (2012) 34–40, 74(2012):34-40, [pdf]
  5. Xiao, X., Dong, J., Biradar, C., and Sheldon, S., 2012, Livestock feed inventory on the Tibetan Plateau by remote sensing and in situ observation , FAO Animal Production and Health Manual No. 15, [pdf]
  6. Li, P., Feng, Z., Jiang, L., Liu, Y., Xiao, X., 2012, Changes in rice cropping systems in the Poyang Lake Region, China during 2004–2010 , Journal of Geographical Sciences, 22(4):653-668, [pdf]
  7. Dong, J., Xiao, X., Sheldon, S., Biradar, C., Duong, N., and Hazarika, M., 2012, A comparison of forest cover maps in Mainland Southeast Asia from multiple sources: PALSAR, MERIS, MODIS and FRA , Remote Sensing of Environment, 127:60-73, [pdf]
  8. Li, H., Yue, B., Lian, Z., Zhao, H., Zhao, D., Xiao, X., 2012, Modeling spring habit requirements of the endangered brown eared pheasant crossoptilon mantchuricum in the Huanglong mountains, Shaanxi Province, China , Zoological Society of Japan, 29(9):593-598, [pdf]
  9. Hawkes, L. A. Balachandran, S. Batbayar, N. Butler, P. J. Chua, B. Douglas, D. C. Frappell, P. B. Hou, Y. Milsom, W. K. Newman, S. H. Prosser, D. J. Sathiyaselvam, P. Scott, G. R. Takekawa, J. Y. Natsagdorj, T. Wikelski, M. Witt, M. J. Yan, B. Bishop, C. M. , 2012, The paradox of extreme high-altitude migration in bar-headed geese Anser indicus , Proc. R. Soc. B, [pdf]
  10. Van Boeckel TP, Thanapongtharm W, Robinson T, Biradar CM, Xiao X, Gilbert M., 2012, Improving Risk Models for Avian Influenza: The Role of Intensive Poultry Farming and Flooded Land during the 2004 Thailand Epidemic , PLOS ONE, 7(11):1-9, [pdf]


  1. Dong, J., Tao, F., Zhang, G., 2011, Trends and variation in vegetation greenness related to geographic controls in middle and eastern Inner Mongolia, China , Environmental Earth Sciences, 62(2):245-256, [pdf]
  2. Dong, J., Liu, J., Yan, H., Tao, F., Kuang, W., 2011, Spatio-temporal pattern and rationality of land reclamation and cropland abandonment in mid-eastern Inner Mongolia of China in 1990-2005 , Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 179(1-4):137-153, [pdf]
  3. Batbayar, N., Takekawa, J., Newman, S., Prosser, D., Natsagdorj, T., Xiao, X., 2011, Migration strategies of Swan Geese Anser cygnoides from northeast Mongolia , Wildfowl, 61:90–109, [pdf]
  4. Biradar, C., Xiao, X., 2011, Quantifying the area and spatial distribution of double- and triple-cropping croplands in India with multi-temporal MODIS imagery in 2005 , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32(2):367-386, [pdf]
  5. Martin, V., Pfeiffer, D., Zhou, X., Xiao, X., Prosser, D., Guo, F., Gilbert, M., 2011, Spatial Distribution and Risk Factors of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in China , Plos Pathogens, 7(3):e1001308, [pdf]
  6. Bodbyl-Roels, S., Peterson, A., Xiao, X., 2011, Comparative analysis of remotely-sensed data products via ecological niche modeling of avian influenza case occurrences in Middle Eastern poultry , International Journal of Health Geographics, 10:21, [pdf]
  7. Van Boeckel, T., Prosser, D., Franceschini, G., Biradar, C., Wint, W., Robinson, T., Gilbert, M., 2011, Modelling the distribution of domestic ducks in Monsoon Asia , Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 141(3-4):373-380, [pdf]
  8. Williams, R., Xiao, X., Peterson, A., 2011, Continent-wide association of H5N1 outbreaks in wild and domestic birds in Europe , Geospatial Health, 5(2):247-253, [pdf]
  9. Prosser, D., Wu, J., Ellis, E., Gale, F., Van Boeckel, T., Wint, W., Robinson, T., Xiao, X., Gilbert, M., 2011, Modelling the distribution of chickens, ducks, and geese in China , Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 141(3-4):381-389, [pdf]
  10. Torbick, N., Salas, W., Hagen, S., Xiao, X., 2011, Monitoring Rice Agriculture in the Sacramento Valley, USA With Multitemporal PALSAR and MODIS Imagery , IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 4(2):451-457, [pdf]
  11. Xiao, X., Biradar, C., Wang, A., Sheldon, S., Chen, Y., 2011, Recovery of Vegetation Canopy after Severe Fire in 2000 at the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota, USA , Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2(2):106-116, [pdf]
  12. Hawkes, L., Balachandran, S., Batbayar, N., Butler, P., Frappell, P., Milsom, W., Tseveenmyadag, N., Newman, S., Scott, G., Sathiyaselvam, P., Takekawa, J., Wikelski, M., Bishop, C., 2011, The trans-Himalayan flights of bar-headed geese (Anser indicus) , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(23):9516-9519, [pdf]
  13. Gumma, M., Thenkabail, P., Muralikrishna, I., Velpuri, M., Gangadhararao, P., Dheeravath, V., Biradar, C., Nalan, S., Gaur, A., 2011, Changes in agricultural cropland areas between a water-surplus year and a water-deficit year impacting food security, determined using MODIS 250 m time-series data and spectral matching techniques, in the Krishna River basin (India) , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32(12):3495-3520, [pdf]
  14. Dixon, A., Batbayar, N., Purev-Ochir, G., 2011, Autumn migration of an Amur Falcon Falco amurensis from Mongolia to the Indian Ocean tracked by satellite , Forktail, 27:81-84, [pdf]
  15. Leo, L., Marius, G., Wu, J., Christina, C., Muhammad, H., Xiao, X., 2011, Identifying risk factors of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1 subtype) in Indonesia , Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 102(1):50-58, [pdf]
  16. Torbick, N, Salas, W., Xiao, X., Ingraham, P., Fearon, M., Biradar, C., Zhao, D., Liu, Y., Li, P., Zhao, Y., 2011, Integrating SAR and optical imagery for regional mapping of paddy rice attributes in the Poyang Lake Watershed, China , Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 37(1):17-26, [pdf]
  17. Xiao, X., Dorovskoy, P., Biradar, C., Bridge, E., 2011, A library of georeferenced photos from the field , EOS Transactions, 92(49):453-454, [pdf]
  18. Kalfas, J., Xiao, X., Vanegas, D., Verma, S., Suyker, A. E., 2011, Modeling gross primary production of irrigated and rain-fed maize using MODIS imagery and CO(2) flux tower data , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(12):1514-1528, [pdf]


  1. Takekawa, J., Prosser, D., Newman, S., Muzaffar, S., Hill, N., Yan, B., Xiao, X., Lei, F., Li, T., Schwarzbach, S., Howell, J., 2010, Victims and vectors: highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and the ecology of wild birds , Avian Biology Research, 3(2):51-73, [pdf]
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  7. Batbayar, N., Jargalsaikhan, A., Gansukh, S., 2010, A contribution to the bats inhabiting arid steppe habitats in central Mongolia , Journal for Biological Resources of Mongolia, 11:329-340, [pdf]
  8. Bourouiba, L., Wu, J., Newman, S., Takekawa, J., Natdorj, T., Batbayar, N., Bishop, C., Hawkes, L., Butler, P., Wikelski, M., 2010, Spatial dynamics of bar-headed geese migration in the context of H5N1 , Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 7(52):1627-1639, [pdf]
  9. Wang, Z., Xiao, X., Yan, X., 2010, Modeling gross primary production of maize cropland and degraded grassland in northeastern China , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 150(9):1160-1167, [pdf]
  10. Gilbert, M., Newman, S., Takekawa, J., Loth, L., Biradar, C., Prosser, D., Balachandran, S., Rao, M.V., Mundkur, T., Yan, B., Xing, Z., Hou, Y., Batbayar, N., Natsagdorj, T., Hogerwerf, L., Slingenbergh, J., Xiao, X., 2010, Flying Over an Infected Landscape: Distribution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Risk in South Asia and Satellite Tracking of Wild Waterfowl , Ecohealth, 7(4):448-458, [pdf]
  11. Muzaffar, S., Takekawa, J., Prosser, J., Newman, S., Xiao, X., 2010, Rice Production Systems and Avian Influenza: Interactions between Mixed-Farming Systems, Poultry and Wild Birds , Waterbirds, 33(sp1):219-230, [pdf]


  1. Thenkabail, P., Biradar, C., Noojipady, P., Dheeravath, V., Li, Y., Velpuri, M., Gumma, M., Gangalakunta, O. R. P., Turral, H., Cai, X., Vithanage, J., Schull, M., Dutta, R., 2009, Global irrigated area map (GIAM), derived from remote sensing, for the end of the last millennium , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 30(14):3679-3733, [pdf]
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  4. Jayasuriya, A.H.M., Kitchener, D., Biradar, C., 2009, Viability status of biosphere reserves in Sri Lanka , Journal of National Science Foundation Sri Lanka, 37(sp):7-24, [pdf]
  5. Zhang, J., Hu, Y., Xiao, X., Chen, P., Han, S., Song, G., Yu, G., 2009, Satellite-based estimation of evapotranspiration of an old-growth temperate mixed forest , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149(6-7):976-984, [pdf]
  6. Xiao, X., Zhang, J., Yan, H., Wu, W., Biradar, C., 2009, Land Surface Phenology: Convergence of Satellite and CO 2 Eddy Flux Observations. , Phenology of Ecosystem Processes, [pdf]
  7. Alfieri, J., Xiao, X., Niyogi, D., Pielke, R., Chen, F., LeMone, M., 2009, Satellite-based modeling of transpiration from the grasslands in the Southern Great Plains, USA , Global and Planetary Change, 67(1-2):78-86, [pdf]
  8. Yan, H., Fu, Y., Xiao, X., Huang, H., He, H., Ediger, L., 2009, Modeling gross primary productivity for winter wheat-maize double cropping System using MODIS time series and CO(2) eddy flux tower data , Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 129(4):391-400, [pdf]
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  12. Xiao, X., Biradar, C. M., Czarnecki, C., Alabi, T., Keller, M., 2009, A simple algorithm for large-scale mapping of evergreen forests in tropical America, Africa and Asia , Remote Sensing, 1(3):355-374, [pdf]
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  1. Gilbert, M., Xiao, X., Pfeiffer, D., Epprecht, M., Boles, S., Czarnecki, C., Chaitaweesub, P., Kalpravidh, W., Minh, P., Otte, M. J., Martin, V., Slingenbergh, J., 2008, Mapping H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza risk in Southeast Asia , Proceedings of Naitonal Academy of Sciences, 105(12):4769-4774, [pdf]
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  1. Xiao, X., Gilbert, M., Slingenbergh, J., Lei, F., Boles, S., 2007, Remote Sensing, ECological Variables, and Wild Bird Migration Related to Outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza, , Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 43(3):S40-S46, [pdf]
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  7. Xu, L., Zhang, Q., Xiao, X., 2007, Convergence of a discrete-time age-structured population toward a given steady state through controlled immigration , Mathematical Population Studies, 14(3):193-201, [pdf]
  8. Guo, Z., Li, Y., Xiao, X., Zhang, L., Gan, Y., 2007, Hydroelectricity production and forest conservation in watersheds , Ecological Applications, 17(6):1557-1562, [pdf]
  9. Biradar, C., Thenkabail, P., Islam, M., Anputhas, M., Tharme, R., Vithanage, J., Alankara, R., Gunasinghe, S., 2007, Establishing the best spectral bands and timing of imagery for land use-land cover (LULC) class separability using Landsat ETM(+) and Terra MODIS data , Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 33(5):431-444, [pdf]
  10. Thenkabail, P., Biradar, C., Noojipady, P., Cai, X., Dheeravath, V., Li, Y., Velpuri, M., Gumma, M., Pandey, S., 2007, Sub-pixel area calculation methods for estimating irrigated areas , Sensors, 7(11):2519-2538, [pdf]


  1. Gilbert, M., Xiao, X., Domenech, J., Lubroth, J., Martin, V., Slingenbergh, J., 2006, HPAI spread from the western Siberian lowlands to the eastern Mediterranean and beyond. , Consultancy Report for the Animal Health Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.,
  2. Gilbert, M., Xiao, X., Wint, W., Slingenbergh, J, 2006, Poultry production dynamics, bird migration cycles, and the emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza in East and Southeast Asia, In: Sauerborn, Rainer (d.) , Global Environmental Change and Infectious Diseases: Impacts and Adaptations,
  3. Xiao, X., Hagen, S., Zhang, Q., Keller, M., Moore, B., III, 2006, Detecting leaf phenology of seasonally moist tropical forests in South America with multi-temporal MODIS images , Remote Sensing of Environment, 103(4):465-473, [pdf]
  4. Lei, F., Tang, S., Zhao, D., Zhang, X., Kou, Z., Li, Y., Zhang, Z., Yin, Z., Chen, S., Li, S., Zhang, D., Yan, B., Li, T., 2006, Characterization of H5N1 influenza viruses isolated from migratory birds in Qinghai province of China in 2006 , Avian Diseases, 51(2):568-72, [pdf]
  5. Xiao, X., Gilbert, M., 2006, HPAI risk analysis for western Siberian Lowlands/Palearctic areas: Application of remote sensing with a focus on land surface temperature. , Consultancy report prepared for the Animal Health Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, It,
  6. Gilbert, M., Xiao, X., Domenech, J., Lubroth, J., Martin, V., Slingenbergh, J., 2006, The ecology of Anatidae migration in the western Palaearctic and the spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus , Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(11):1650-6, [pdf]
  7. Xiao, X., Boles, S., Frolking, S., Li, C., Babu, J., Salas, W., Moore, B., 2006, Mapping paddy rice agriculture in South and Southeast Asia using multi-temporal MODIS images , Remote Sensing of Environment, 100(1):95-113, [pdf]
  8. Zhang, Q,. Xiao, X., Braswell, B., Linder, E., Ollinger, S., Smith, M., Jenkins, J., Baret, F., Richardson, A., Moore III, B., Minocha, R., 2006, Characterization of Seasonal Variation of Forest Canopy in a Temperate Deciduous Broadleaf Forest, Using Daily MODIS Data. , Remote Sensing of Environment, 105(3):189-203, [pdf]
  9. Xiao, X., 2006, Light absorption by leaf chlorophyll and maximum light use efficiency , Ieee Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 44(7):1933-1935, [pdf]


  1. Xiao, X., Boles, S., Liu, J., Zhuang, D., Frolking, S., Li, C., Salas, W., Moore, B. III., 2005, Mapping paddy rice agriculture in southern China using multi-temporal MODIS images , Remote Sensing of Environment, 95(4):480-492, [pdf]
  2. Liu, Z., Wang, C., Liu, A., Xiao, X., 2005, Statistical Ratio Rank Ordered Differences filter for SeaWiFS impulse noise removal , Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 71(1):89-95, [pdf]
  3. Xiao, X., Zhang, Q., Saleska, S., Hutyra, L., De Camargo, P., Wofsy, S., Frolking, S., Boles, S., Keller, M., Moore, B., 2005, Satellite-based modeling of gross primary production in a seasonally moist tropical evergreen forest , Remote Sensing of Environment, 94(1):105-122, [pdf]
  4. Churkina, G., Schimel, D., Braswell, B, Xiao, X., 2005, Spatial analysis of growing season length control over net ecosystem exchange , Global Change Biology, 11(10):1777-1787, [pdf]
  5. Xiao, X., Zhang, Q., Hollinger, D., Aber, J., Moore, B., 2005, Modeling gross primary production of an evergreen needleleaf forest using modis and climate data , Ecological Applications, 15(3):954-969, [pdf]
  6. Wang, S., Niu, H., Cui, X., Jiang, S., Li, Y., Xiao, X., Wang, J., Wang, G., Huang, D., Qi, Q., Yang, Z., 2005, Plant communities - Ecosystem stability in inner Mongolia , Nature, 435(7045):E5-E6, [pdf]
  7. Li, C., Frolking, S., Xiao, X., Moore, B., Boles, S., Qiu, J., Huang, Y., Salas, W., Sass, R., 2005, Modeling impacts of farming management alternatives on CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions: A case study for water management of rice agriculture of China , Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(3):GB3010, [pdf]
  8. Zhang, Q., Xiao, X., Braswell, B., Linder, E., Baret, F., Moore, B. III, 2005, Estimating light absorption by chlorophyll, leaf and canopy in a deciduous broadleaf forest, using MODIS data and a radiative transfer model. , Remote Sensing of Environment, 99(3):357-371, [pdf]


  1. Xiao, X., Zhang, Q., Boles, S., Rawlins, M., Moore, B., 2004, Mapping snow cover in the pan-Arctic zone, using multi-year (1998-2001) images from optical VEGETATION sensor. , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25(24):5731-5744, [pdf]
  2. Boles, S., Xiao, X., Zhang, Q., Munkhutya, S., Liu, J., Ojima, D., 2004, Land cover characterization of Temperate East Asia using multi-temporal VEGETATION sensor data , Remote Sensing of Environment, 90(4):477-489, [pdf]
  3. Xiao, X., Hollinger, D., Aber, J., Goltz, M., Davidson, E., Zhang, Q., Moore, B., 2004, Satellite-based modeling of gross primary production in an evergreen needleleaf forest , Remote Sensing of Environment, 89(4):519-534, [pdf]
  4. Xiao, X., Zhang, Q., Braswell, B., Urbanski, S., Boles, S., Wofsy, S., Berrien, M., Ojima, D., 2004, Modeling gross primary production of temperate deciduous broadleaf forest using satellite images and climate data , Remote Sensing of Environment, 91(2):256-270, [pdf]


  1. Salas, W., Boles, S., Frolking, S., Xiao, X., and Li, C., 2003, The perimeter/area ratio as an index of misregistration bias in land cover change estimates , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24(5):1165-1170, [pdf]
  2. Xiao, X., Braswell, B., Zhang, Q., Boles, S., Frolking, S., Moore III, B., 2003, Sensitivity of vegetation indices to atmospheric aerosols: continental-scale observations in Northern Asia. , Remote Sensing of Environment, 84(3):385-392, [pdf]
  3. Liu, J., Zhuang, D., Luo, D., and Xiao, X., 2003, Land-cover classification of China: integrated analysis of AVHRR imagery and geophysical data , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24(12):2485-2500, [pdf]
  4. Xiao, X., Liu, J., Zhuang, D. , Frolking, S., Boles, S., Xu, B., Liu, M., Salas, W., Moore, B., Li, C., 2003, Uncertainties in estimates of cropland area in China: A comparison between an AVHRR-derived dataset and a Landsat TM-derived dataset. , Global and Planetary Change, 37(3-4):297-306, [pdf]
  5. Hurtt, G., Xiao, X., Keller, M., Palace, M., Asner, G., Braswell, B., Brondizio, E., Cardoso, M., Carvalho, C. J., Fearon, M., Guild, L., Hagen, S., A. Schloss, T., Vourlitis, G., Wickel, A., Moore III, B., Nobre,C., 2003, IKONOS Imagery for the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) , Remote Sensing of Environment, 88(1-2):111-127, [pdf]
  6. Qiu, J., Tang, H., Frolking, S., Boles, S., Li, C., Xiao, X., Liu, J., Qin, X., 2003, Mapping Single-, Double-, and Triple-crop Agriculture in China at 0.5º × 0.5º by Combining County-scale Census Data with a Remote Sensing-derived Land Cover Ma , Geocarto International, 18(2):3-13, [pdf]
  7. Guo, Z., Xiao, X., Gan, Y., Zheng, Y., 2003, Landscape planning for a rural ecosystem: case study of a resettlement area for residents from land submerged by the Three Gorges Reservoir, China , Landscape Ecology, 18(5):503-512, [pdf]


  1. Xiao, X., Moore, B., Qin, X., Shen, Z., Boles, S., 2002, Large-scale observations of alpine snow and ice cover in Asia: Using multi-temporal VEGETATION sensor data , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 23(11):2213-2228, [pdf]
  2. Xiao, X., He, L., Salas, W., Li, C., Moore, B., Zhao, R., Frolking, S., Boles, S., 2002, Quantitative relationships between field-measured leaf area index of paddy rice fields and VEGETATION-sensor-derived vegetation index at the farm scale. , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 23(18):3595-3604, [pdf]
  3. Xiao, X., Boles, S., Frolking, S., Salas, W., Moore, B., Li, C., He, L., Zhao, R., 2002, Observation of flooding and rice transplanting of paddy rice fields at the site to landscape scales in China using VEGETATION sensor data. , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 23(15):3009-3022, [pdf]
  4. Xiao, X., Boles, S., Frolking, S., Salas, W., Moore, B., Li, C., He, L., Zhao, R, 2002, Landscape-scale characterization of cropland in China using Vegetation and landsat TM images , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 23(18):3579-3594, [pdf]
  5. Lucas, R., Xiao, X., Hagen, S., Frolking, S, 2002, Evaluating TERRA-1 MODIS data for discriminating regeneration stages and pathways of tropical secondary forests in Brazilian Legal Amazon , Geophysical Research Letters, 29(8):2-5, [pdf]
  6. Xiao, X., Boles, S., Liu, J., Zhuang, D., Liu, M., 2002, Characterization of forest types in Northeastern China, using multi-temporal SPOT-4 VEGETATION sensor data , Remote Sensing of Environment, 82(2-3):335-348, [pdf]
  7. Perez-Garcia, J., Joyce, L., McGuire, A., Xiao, X., 2002, Impacts of climate change on the global forest sector , Climatic Change, 54(4):439-461, [pdf]
  8. Hagen, S., Braswell, B., Frolking, S., Salas, W., Xiao, X., 2002, Determination of subpixel fractions of nonforested area in the Amazon using multiresolution satellite sensor data , Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 107(D20):11, [pdf]
  9. Li, C., Qiu, J., Frolking, S., Xiao, X., Salas, W., Moore, B., Boles, S., Huang, Y., Sass, R., 2002, Reduced methane emissions from large-scale changes in water management of China's rice paddies during 1980-2000 , Geophysical Research Letters, 29(20):33-1, [pdf]
  10. Frolking, S., Qiu, J., Boles, S., Xiao, X., Liu, J., Li, C., X. Qin, 2002, Combining remote sensing and ground census data to develop new maps of the distribution of rice agriculture in China , GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, 16(4):1091, [pdf]


  1. Zheng, Y., Xiao, X., Guo, Z., Howard, T., 2001, A county-level analysis of the spatial distribution of forest resources in China. , Journal of Forest Planning, 7(2):69-78, [pdf]
  2. Xiao, X., Shen, Z., Qin, X., 2001, Assessing the potential of VEGETATION sensor data for mapping snow and ice cover: A normalized difference snow and ice index. , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 22(13):2479-2487, [pdf]
  3. Guo, Z., Xiao, X., Gan, Y., Zheng, Y., 2001, Ecosystem functions, services and their values - a case study in Xingshan County of China , Ecological Economics, 38(1):141-154, [pdf]


  1. Guo, Z., Xiao, X., Li, D., 2000, An assessment of ecosystem services: Water flow regulation and hydroelectric power production , Ecological Applications, 10(3):925-936, [pdf]


  1. Prinn, R., Jacoby, H., Sokolov, A., Wang, C., Xiao, X., Yang, Z., Eckhaus, R., Stone, P., Ellerman, D., Melillo, J., Fitzmaurice, J., Kicklighter, D., Holian, G., Liu, Y., 1999, Integrated global system model for climate policy assessment: Feedbacks and sensitivity studies , Climatic Change, 41(3-4):469-546, [pdf]
  2. Frolking, S., Xiao, X., Zhuang, Y., Salas, W., Li, C., 1999, Agricultural land-use in China: a comparison of area estimates from ground-based census and satellite-borne remote sensing , Global Ecology and Biogeography, 8(5):407-416, [pdf]


  1. Xiao, X., Melillo, J., Kicklighter, D., McGuire, A., Prinn, R., Wang, C., Stone, P., Sokolov, A., 1998, Transient climate change and net ecosystem production of the terrestrial biosphere , Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(23):345-360, [pdf]


  1. Xiao, X., Kicklighter, D., Melillo, J., McGuire, A., Stone, P., Sokolov, A., 1997, Linking a global terrestrial biogeochemical model and a 2-dimensional climate model: Implications for the global carbon budget , Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 49(1):18-37, [pdf]
  2. McGuire, A., Melillo, J., Kicklighter, D., Pan, Y., Xiao, X., Helfrich, J., Moore, B., Vorosmarty, C., Schloss, A., 1997, Equilibrium responses of global net primary production and carbon storage to doubled atmospheric carbon dioxide: Sensitivity to changes in vegetation nitrogen concentration , Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 11(2):173-189, [pdf]


  1. Xiao, X., Shu, J., Wang, Y., Ojima, D., Bonham, C., 1996, Temporal variation in aboveground biomass of Leymus chinense steppe from species to community levels in the Xilin River basin, Inner Mongolia, China , Vegetatio, 123(1):1-12, [pdf]
  2. Xiao, X., Chen, D., Peng, Y., Cui, X., Ojima, D., 1996, Observation and modeling of plant biomass of meadow steppe in Tumugi, Xingan league, Inner Mongolia, China , Vegetatio, 127(2):191-201, [pdf]


  1. Xiao, X., Ojima, D., Parton, W., Chen, Z., Chen, D., 1995, Sensitivity of Inner Mongolia grasslands to climate change , Journal of Biogeography, 22(4-5):643-648, [pdf]
  2. Xiao, X., Wang, Y., Jiang, S., Ojima, D., Bonham, C., 1995, Interannual Variation in the Climate and Aboveground Biomass of Leymus-Chinense Steppe and Stipa-Grandis Steppe in the Xilin River Basin, Inner-Mongolia, China , Journal of Arid Environments, 31(3):283-299, [pdf]

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